2008 Lamborghini Gallardo LP560- 4 review and pictures

Posted on Thursday, 20 March 2008 , 12:03:15 byVeronica

Filed under LamborghiniSuperSportSupercars

Lamborghini Gallardo LP560- 4

Lamborghini manages to set a higher standard for super sports car with its new elegant and powerful Gallardo LP560-4. The model is powered by a new 5.2-liter V10 engine that is able to produce 560 PS and 540 Nm of torque. It can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.7 seconds, in 11.8 seconds to 200 km/h and it can reach a top speed of 325 km/h. the CO2 emissions have been reduced by 18 %. The carmaker had a hard job improving the aerodynamics as there was not much it could change. It weights 1410 kg, which is actually, 20 kg less than the previous Gallardo. The new braking system is very powerful and so, the new disc ventilation system offered improves the stability in extreme situations. If you think this is not enough, Lamborghini also offers, optionally, discs made of Carbon Ceramic. This entire braking system improves the comfort and handling.

With the new Gallardo LP560-4, Lamborghini once again sets a higher standard for super sports cars. With its new engine, permanent four-wheel drive transmission and new suspension, it delivers clearly improved performance and dynamics. In parallel, its innovative design takes the classic lines unique to the Lamborghini brand one step further. Powerful elegance has never been so defined before.

The Gallardo LP560-4 is the successor of the most successful Lamborghini model of all time. Approximately 7100 Gallardo models have left the Sant`Agata Bolognese production plant since its launch in 2003. "The LP560-4 will consolidate this success story," states Stephan Winkelmann, President and CEO of Automobili Lamborghini. "It will outclass its predecessor in every aspect; its dynamics are distinctly breathtaking and its design sets new standards. With the introduction of the Gallardo LP560-4, we will consistently continue Lamborghini`s growth strategy".

The powerful heart of the Gallardo LP560-4 is the new 5.2 litre V10 engine with an output of 560 PS (412 kW) at 8000 rpm. The increase of 40 PS compared with that of the previous Gallardo, and the approximate 20 kilogram reduction in weight, improves the power weight ratio to 2.5 kilograms per PS (hp) and thus enhances performance. The LP560-4 accelerates from 0-100 km/h in 3.7 seconds, its speed at 11.8 seconds is 200 km/h and its top speed lies at 325 km/h. At the same time the new, highly efficient engine enthrals its driver with its direct fuel injection system - "Iniezione Diretta Stratificata". Despite its clearly increased power, fuel consumption and CO 2 emissions have been reduced by a staggering 18 percent.

The engineers in the Sant`Agata-based Technical Department have also improved traction, handling and stability at high speeds. The redesigned four-wheel drive transmission, the new suspension and the optimised aerodynamics as well as the reduced weight and decreased friction between the components, all contribute to the overall improvements in
the vehicle. Thus the Gallardo LP560-4 presents itself as a cutting edge super sports car also suitable for the race-track. The car is also surprisingly suited to long-distance driving and despite its extreme performance capabilities is easy to control whilst maintaining utmost stability.

The Style
Powerful elegance

A Lamborghini is and always will be a highly efficient athlete. Its extreme sensuality is based upon precision, performance and on spontaneous action. A Lamborghini`s elegance is that of stark, purist strength. This DNA of the Lamborghini brand is being continuously developed by the Centro Stile in every new car. Thus the Gallardo LP560-4 displays the precise lines and clean surface edges in its distinctly minimalist design. Ornaments or embellishments of any form are alien to it.

Evolution of form systematically follows the demands of function: the newly designed front of the LP 560-4 squats deeply to the ground which contributes to its aerodynamic efficiency. The enlarged and clearly accentuated cooling intakes meet the demands of augmented engine power thus increasing the air circulation vital to a vehicle as powerful as
this. The spoiler, positioned low between the air intakes, improves aerodynamic equilibrium at high speeds.

Characteristic LED " Daytime running light

The new headlights have a characteristic `daytime` running light integrated beneath the Bi-Xenon lamps: 15 diodes (LED) have been positioned in a Y structure. The same motif appears again in the rear tail-lights. The stop and brake lights have been inspired by the Miura Concept, the Murciélago LP640 and the Reventón and display the Y form three times over.

The completely redesigned rear gives the definition "powerful elegance" a new meaning: rear lights, air cooling vents, bumper and diffuser are arranged in precise positions on the car`s exterior, which make the
LP560-4 appear extremely wide and bonded to the road surface. In addition, the streamlined covers left and right of the engine hood accentuate the powerful shoulders and lengthened, stretched lines of the new Gallardo.

Clearly improved aerodynamics

The rear diffuser has been newly designed, is more efficient with respect to its predecessor and, together with the smooth underbody, contributes to the excellent steering stability even at extremely high speeds. In sum, the aerodynamic efficiency with regard to output compared to that of its predecessor has been increased by 31 %. The Gallardo LP560-4 takes
fast curves even more supremely.

The designers in Sant`Agata Bolognese have excelled themselves with the clear-cut, pure, stark lines of the Gallardo LP 560-4. They also have demonstrated distinct attention to detail; the elaborate aluminium cap
for petrol and motor oil are testimony to this, as is the rear camera which has been integrated in a small fin in the independent rear spoiler as well as the finely-crafted grille in the exhaust pipes.

The body

Weight is undesirable in a sports car and a lightweight model encourages the dynamics of such a vehicle. Aluminium is much lighter than sheet steel and this is why the Gallardo LP560-4 is produced with a body in a much lighter but nevertheless more stiff structure: the two-seater car measures 4.34 metres in length, 1.90 metres in width and a mere 1.16
metres in height. It weighs in dry at 1410 kilograms - which is, effectively, 20 kilograms less that that of the previous Gallardo.

The construction of the Gallardo LP560-4 utilises what is known as a `spaceframe construction method`. Integrally moulded node elements and extruded parts create its frame, and sheet metal plates made out of aluminium have been neatly and securely integrated to form the body. The body is not only extremely light but also torsionally stiff and displays the highest safety characteristics. Thus the basis for the extraordinary handling characteristics of the LP560-4 is formed.

Integrated Pedestrian Protection system

The body of the car also demonstrates extremely high levels of `passive security`. The Gallardo LP560-4 fulfils the not yet obligatory European directives regarding the protection of pedestrians. Furthermore, the
geometry of the entire front of the car has been optimised with the addition of a special combination of materials behind the front bumper which serve to absorb any impact energy.

Workmanship of the highest quality

The Miura and the other models of the 60s were already characterized by the excellent quality of workmanship which lay far and above the general standards of that time. Lamborghini has continued this tradition
and even today delivers automobiles of the highest standards. The Gallardo LP560-4 indulges with the highest quality, aesthetically pleasing materials. With regard to the leather interior, an array of different colours and stitching (also in contrasting colours) are available. As an optional, Lamborghini can deliver the Gallardo LP560-4 with a further choice of leather and Alcantara® interiors as well as Carbon Fibre Packages. Here, elements such as the air-conditioning surrounds, the control panel, the handbrake handle and the gear-stick surrounds are available in carbon fibre.

Furthermore, the individualisation program, Ad Personam, enables the customer to create any combination of colour and trim, thus creating a highly personalised vehicle. After all, the new Lamborghini should
perfectly reflect the owner`s lifestyle.

Extreme road adherence

The steering rack works with relatively little assisted steering support, thus bonding the driver closely to the road. This in turn provides him with an intense experience of power and impulse. The steering has its own
cooling system for the power steering fluid.

Precise, breathtakingly fast, whilst stable and free from surprises, the Gallardo LP560-4`s dynamics assures a sensuous experience. The LP560-4`s tyres (format 235/35 ZR 19 front and 295/30 ZR 19 rear) appear to bond with the asphalt. Specially developed Pirelli P-Zero series tyres are fitted: these have a particularly low roll resistance which also maintains tyre wear at a minimum without, of course, any reduction in their performance quality. At a speed of over 120 km/h an independently extended rear spoiler increases the downforce on the rear axle It acts in association with the specially formed underbody which directs the
airstream under the car.

Optional Carbon Ceramic Brake system

The new braking system acts with brute force. At the front, eight `Brembo specialist` cylinder callipers grasp the 365 mm diameter brake discs. At the rear, four cylinder callipers act on the 356 mm brake discs. In addition, the new disc ventilation system improves the stability in extreme situations. Optionally, discs made out of Carbon Ceramic are offered. At the front the CCB (Carbon Ceramic Brakes) discs measure 380mm in diameter and at the rear 356mm. They deliver much improved performance at a reduced weight. In total, the CCB braking system is
lighter in weight that, at the wheel, improves driving dynamics and comfort.

Technical data

Frame & Body
Frame Structural aluminium spaceframe, based on aluminium extruded parts welded to aluminium casted joint elements.
Body Aluminium with thermoplastic "hang on" parts
Rear Spoiler Electronically controlled
Mirrors External mirror with ectrical closing system
Suspension Double wishbones front and rear suspension system, antiroll bar anti-dive and anti-squat ESP 8.0 Full ESP System with ABS,ASR and ABD

Airbags
Front Front Dual Stage driver and passenger airbags, side Head-thorax airbags

Pneumatici
Tyres (Frontreari) Pirelli Pzero 235/35 ZR 19 " 295/30 ZR 19
Wheels (front-rear) Aluminium aloy, 8.5" x 019"- 11"x 019"
Steering Power- assisted rack and pinion
Kerb-to-kerb turning circle 11,50 m

Brakes
Steel brakes Power vacuum, aluminium alloy callipers : 8 cylinder front callipers and 4 cylinder rear callipers
Ventilated discs (front-rear) ø 365 x 34mm front "ø 356 x 32 mm rear
CCB brakes Power vacuum, aluminium alloy callipers :6 cylinder front callipers and 4 cylinder rear callipers
Ventilated discs (front-rear) ø 380 x 38mm front "ø 356 x 32 mm rear

Motore
Type 10 cylindres V90°, DOHC 4 valves,common-pin crankshaft
displacement 5204 cc
Compression ratio 12,5 : 1
Maximum power 412 kW (560 ps) at 8000 rpm
Maximum torque 540 Nm 6500 rpm
Engine management system Bosch MED 9
Cooling system Engine and Gearbox radiator
Cooling system oil Oil to Water cooler
Cooling system water Two water radiators
Emission control system Catalytic converters with lambda sensors
Lubrication system Dry sump

Driventrain
Type of trasmission Permanent 4-wheel drive with viscous traction system
Gearbox 6 Speed + reverse, A optional, robotized sequential e-gear system with actuation by paddles on the steering column
Clutch Double plate ø 215 mm
Rear Differential 45% limited slip
Front Differential Slip limitation by ABD function

Performance
Top speed 325 km/h
Acceleration (0-100 km/h) 3,7 sec.
Acceleration (0-200 km/h) 11,8 sec.

Dimensions
Wheelbase 2560 mm
Overall legth 4345 mm
Overall width 1900 mm
Overall height 1165 mm
Track (front" rear) 1632 mm " 1597 mm
Carb Weight 1500
Weight distribution (front-rear) Front 43% - rear 57%

Capacities
Engine oil 10 litres
Fuel tank 90 litres
Engine coolant 20 litres

Consumption with E-Gear
Urban 21 L/100 km
Extra urban 10 L/100 km
Combined 14 L/100 km
Emission Euro 4
CO 2 327 g/km

Consumption with manual trasmission
Urban 22 L/100 km
Extra urban 10 L/100 km
Combined 14,7 L/100 km
Emission Euro 4
CO 2 351 g/km